Caffeine can offset some health risks from a diet high in fat and sugar, A new study in mice shows that caffeine can offset some of the negative effects of a dehydration diet by reducing lipid storage in fat cells and limiting weight gain and triglyceride production.
Rats who consumed caffeine derived from tea experienced 16% less body weight and 22% less body fat than mice who consumed decaffeinated mother’s tea.
The effect is similar to synthetic caffeine and extracted coffee.
Matte Tea is an herbal drink that is rich in phytochemicals, flavonoids and amino acids and consumed as a stimulant by people in Southeast Latin America.
The amount of caffeine per serving in half a tea is between 65 and 130 milligrams, compared to 30 to 300 milligrams of caffeine in a cup of brewed coffee, the study found.
For four weeks, the rats in the study consumed foods containing 40% fat, 45% carbohydrates, and 15% protein. They also consume the same amount of caffeine as people who drink four cups of coffee a day.
At the end of the four week period, the percentage of lean body mass varied significantly in different groups of mice. Rats that consumed caffeine from matte tea, coffee, or synthetic sources collected less body fat than mice in other groups.
The results of this study can be improved to help people understand the role of matte tea and caffeine as possible strategies for preventing obesity and obesity, as well as subsequent metabolic disorders associated with this disorder.
In mice, lipid accumulation in adipocytes is significantly associated with a greater increase in body weight and an increase in body fat, according to the study.
To determine the mechanism of action, the scientists conducted cell culture studies in which mouse fat cells were exposed to synthetic caffeine or caffeine extract or a partner. They found that caffeine, regardless of its source, reduced fat accumulation in fat cells by 20 to 41%.
Scientists are also pursuing the expression of several genes associated with obesity and fat metabolism. This includes the fatty acid synthase (Fasn) gene, an enzymatic compound involved in the synthesis of fatty acids from glucose. and the lipoprotein lipase (Lpl) gene, which codes for enzymes that decrease triglycerides.
All caffeine treatments, regardless of origin, significantly reduce Fasn and Lpl expression. Fasn expression decreases 31 to 39% in cell culture, whereas Lpl expression decreases 51 to 69% in cells treated with synthetic caffeine or caffeine from tea or coffee.
In mice that consumed caffeine from matt tea, Fasn’s expression decreased 39% in adipose tissue and 37% in the liver, the researchers found. Reducing the expression of Fasn and two other genes in the liver causes the production of lower lipoprotein cholesterol and lower density triglycerides in the liver, according to the study.