Hundreds of new viruses have been found in insects, Viruses that cause new diseases often come from animals. Known examples are viruses transmitted by Zika mosquitoes, avian influenza viruses and camel-related MERS viruses. Identify new viral diseases quickly and prevent possible epidemics.

Every new virus that we find can be a cause of diseases previously unknown to humans and ranchers, the researchers said.

This scientist is a specialist in virus detection and diagnosis at the German Infection Research Center (DZIF). For example, the team has established an international standard approach to diagnosing MERS. He currently focuses on diagnosing rare viruses using new sequencing techniques.

In this study, the research team used the largest international database of transcripts for insects, a catalog of gene activity, and examined the data contained in the virus genome.

While scientists have previously focused on mosquitoes and blood-borne insects, this study covers all groups of insects. Viruses with negative RNA genomes have been systematically examined. This group of RNA viruses includes important pathogenic viruses; They cause Ebola and measles, as well as rabies and lung infections.

In total 1,243 insect species, researchers have found a virus that can be divided into at least 20 new genera. “This is perhaps the largest sample of animals that have been tested for a new virus. The task force has added a new insect virus to its search database.

With this data, rare and unusual cases of human disease can now be investigated. This includes patients who have all the symptoms of a viral infection, but in this case no virus can be identified. In such cases, we use a high throughput sequencing method to search for all viruses available to patients, virologists explained.

If a patient has a virus, we will find it, as long as it’s in our database or there are similarities with the virus in our database. The likelihood that demand will succeed increases by adding new insect viruses. As part of the DZIF virus detection and preparation project, scientists will continue to focus on identifying and anticipating future virus threats.