Astronomers said Goldilocks Star is the best place to look for life, In searching for life outside Earth, astronomers look for planets in the “habitable zone” of stars, sometimes referred to as the “goldilocks zone”. It is precisely the temperature at which liquid water is present on the surface of the planet to feed life as we know it.

The idea that emerged, supported by a series of star studies spanning three decades, was that there were “Goldilocks Stars” – not too hot, not too cool, and most not too hard to take on a life-saving planet. Because our sun has sustained life on Earth for nearly 4 billion years, conventional wisdom shows that such stars will be prime candidates in the search for other potentially habitable worlds. In fact, stars that are slightly cooler and less radiant than our sun, which are classified as K-dwarfs, are “real gold stars,” Researcher said. “K-dwarves are in the” sweet spot “, with properties that lie between the rarer, brighter, but shorter-lived solar stars (G stars) and more red dwarfs (M stars).

K-Stars, especially warmer ones, have the best of all worlds. If you are looking for a habitable planet, the abundance of K-Stars increases your chances of finding life.

Credits: NASA, ESA and Z. Levy (STScI)

This infographic compares the properties of three star classes in our galaxy: solar stars classified as G stars; A star that is less massive and cooler than our sun is a K-dwarf. and even paler and cooler stars are reddish dwarfs.

The graph compares the stars in several important variables. Habitats that have the potential to host wider life-threatening planets for hotter stars. The life expectancy of M stars from the Red Dwarves can exceed 100 billion years. Dwarfs can be between 15 and 45 billion years old. And our sun only lasts 10 billion years. The relative amount of harmful radiation (for life as we know it) emitted by stars can be 80 to 500 times stronger for M dwarves than our sun, but only 5 to 25 – for orange K dwarves sometimes more intense. Red dwarfs make up the largest portion of the Milky Way population with 73%. Sun stars make up only 6% of the population and dwarf K is 13%. When these four variables are balanced, the dwarf K is the star that is most suitable for accommodating advanced life forms.

To begin with, there are three times more K-dwarves in our galaxy than stars like our sun. About 1000 K stars are within 100 light years in front of our sun as a prime candidate for research. This orange dwarf lives between 15 and 45 billion years. Unlike us, our sun, which is already in the middle of life, only last 10 billion years. The relatively fast star formation will leave the earth largely uninhabited for another 1 or 2 billion years.

This is because in a billion years or more, the Earth will orbit in the warmer (in) part of the sun’s habitable zone, which moves outward when the sun becomes warmer and brighter. As a result, the Earth will dry up due to loss of atmosphere and oceans at this time. After 9 billion years, the sun turns into a red giant that can reach the earth.

Despite their small size, the more common red dwarf star, also known as M dwarf, has a longer lifespan and, as we know, appears hostile to life. The planets, which are located in a relatively narrow zone and can be inhabited by red dwarfs around the star, are exposed to extreme X-rays and UV rays, which can reach hundreds of thousands of times more powerful than Earth from the Sun: Fireworks without mercy from explosions and the mass of the coron bombarded the planets with gusts of boiling plasma and rained down on high-energy particles that penetrate. The habitable planet of the Red Dwarves can make their bones dry and their atmosphere diminished very early in their lives.

This will likely prevent the planet from becoming more friendly a few billion years after the eruption of the Red Dwarf disappeared.

Dwarf K does not have an active active magnetic field that eats strong X-rays and ultraviolet emissions and energy surges, which is why they shoot less frequently, according to Guinan’s research. The accompanying planets will receive about 1/100 deadly X-rays orbiting around areas that are inhabited by magnetically active M stars.

Hubble’s observations of hydrogen radiation with ultraviolet light were used to estimate the radiation from samples of about 20 orange dwarves. .

K-Stars also have a longer lifespan and therefore slower life zone migration. Therefore, the dwarf K seems to be the perfect place to look for life, and these stars will give time for highly developed lives to develop on this planet. During the entire solar life – 10 billion years – K stars only increase their brightness by about 10-15%, which gives biological evolution a much longer time than on Earth to develop advanced life forms.

In the past 30 years, researchers have observed various types of stars. Based on their study, researchers have identified a relationship between star age, rotation rate, X-rays, and radiation. This data is used to investigate the effects of high energy radiation in the atmosphere and the possibility of planet life.