The researchers solved the scientific mystery of evaporation, Evaporation can explain why water levels fall into full ponds, but also play an important role in industrial processes from electronic cooling to electricity generation.

Most of the world’s electricity supply is produced by steam power plants driven by evaporation. However, determining when and how quickly a liquid turns into steam is complicated by the question of how and to what extent temperature changes at the point where the fluid meets steam, which is referred to as temperature disturbance, Now The researchers solved the scientific mystery of evaporation.

Because of these questions, it is difficult to develop a more efficient evaporation process. However, researchers now report responses to events at this interface that have influenced conflicting results for 20 years. The temperature disturbance was first discovered in 1999 by Canadian researchers G. Fang and C.A. Ward, who discovered that they could not explain the phenomenon through classical mechanics. New job solving this puzzle.

The researcher said: We demonstrated the physics of what is happening in the space of several molecules at the interface and developed exactly one theory of the rate of evaporation. This allows us to explain all the conflicting results over the past 20 years and to solve this puzzle.

The researchers first answered questions in the laboratory, but Ghasemi said they could not get the spatial resolution needed for the final answer. They use a computational approach to determine the properties of liquids and vapors in the length of several molecules. With this understanding, we can more accurately develop performance and efficiency simulations, and design and predict the behavior of sophisticated systems, the researchers said.

It will have applications for energy, electronics, photonics and other areas. As one example of the importance of evaporation, Ghasemi found that 80% of the world’s electricity is generated by steam power plants that operate based on the phenomenon of evaporation.