New antibiotic resistant bacteria in infected wounds, So far, previously unknown antibiotic-resistant antibiotics have been found in Sweden and belong to the same family as E. coli and Salmonella spp. Submitted.

The proposed taxonomic name for the species, the first of its kind, is Scandinavium goeteborgense to Gothenburg, Sweden, where bacteria have been isolated and research has been carried out. Knowing which bacteria cause infections and which antibiotics are effective and not effective against them is very important for treatment choices. Ignorance can have serious consequences, even with infections that are usually immediate. Now the researchers found the New antibiotic resistant bacteria in infected wounds.

How new bacterial groups with new genetic variants of antibiotic resistance are found, is explained in a study published in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology. The starting point is bacteria found in infected wounds in adult patients at Kungälv Hospital in northern Gothenburg.

Using samples from these patients, the clinical microbiology laboratory at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Gothenburg isolated bacteria that appeared to belong to the family Enterobacteriaceae.

However, identifying species requires further and more thorough study and analysis. Using subsequent gene sequencing (NGS) from the DNA genome, the researchers were able to characterize and classify new species. It also seems to be a completely new type of bacteria.

The bacteria in question are likely to have caused infections before and after they were discovered at Kungyalyv Hospital, where patient samples were taken in 2014. Only now has the species been identified and more specific characteristics known. This is a clear example of how important it is to identify the direct cause of infection.

If the bacteria are accurately identified, doctors can prescribe certain antibiotics instead of relying on broad-spectrum antibiotics, the researchers said.

Broad-spectrum antibiotics support the development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria, including those that cause disease. In addition, this causes reduced potential for the treatment of infectious diseases.

He stressed that the sequence of the next generation had revolutionized DNA-based strategies for bacterial diagnosis and monitoring. Researchers say: This research requires a lot of different analyzes, where technology gives us broader and deeper knowledge about new bacteria and their classification than before.