Now scientists have identified genes that stop tissue growth, Flatworms are usually animals with strong abilities and are very unusual: flatworms can be regenerated from almost all injuries, including decapitation.
This little worm can regenerate lost muscle cells or tissue, neurons, epidermis, eyes, and even new brain.
Scientists have been studying these worms since the end of the 19th century to better understand the basic principles of healing and natural repair, information that can provide an overview of tissue healing and cancer and Now the scientists have identified genes that stop tissue growth.
The mechanism that is still unknown is how organisms control proportional scaling of tissue during regeneration.
Now researchers have identified the start of a genetic pathway that slows animal growth. This important process ensures proper tissue growth in these strongly regenerated animals.
The worm basically discovered the natural form of regenerative medicine through its evolution, the researchers said. Gliders can regenerate their entire lives, but how can they limit their growth.
Our findings will enhance understanding of the molecular components and regulate the principles that determine perfect tissue repair. The end result might have important implications for new methods or tissue engineering strategies to promote natural restoration mechanisms in humans.
Researchers have identified a control system to limit regeneration and new mechanisms to explain how stem cells can affect growth. Specifically, Petersen and Schad found that a gene called mob4 inhibits tissue growth in animals. When the researchers inhibited the genes in the experiment, the animal grew twice its normal size. They found that the gene worked in a rather surprising way: it prevented the descent of stem cells from producing a growth factor called Wnt, a cell-releasing protein that communicates remotely.
The Wnt signaling pathway is known to play a role in the regeneration of cancer cells. The aircraft is 2 to 20 millimeters in size and has a complex anatomy of about one million cells. They live in freshwater bodies and rivers throughout the world. Worm genomes are sequenced and their basic biology is well characterized, making planners popular with scientists.