A new NASA mission will take first peek at the poles of the sun, A new spaceship traveled to the sun to take the first picture of the north and south poles of the sun.
Solar Orbiter, a collaboration between the European Space Agency and NASA, will be launched from Cape Canaveral on 7 February 2020 at 11:15 AM EST.
The sun plays a central role in the design of the space around us. Its large magnetic field extends far beyond Pluto and paves the way for charged particles, called solar winds. When solar storms hit Earth, they can ignite space storms that disturb our GPS and communication satellites. In the worst cases, they can even threaten astronauts. the new NASA mission will take first peek at the poles of the sun.
To prepare for the coming solar storm, scientists are observing the sun’s magnetic field. However, their technique works best when seen. The sharper the angle of view, the harder the data.
If you look away from the sun’s poles from the ecliptic level, there is a big gap in the data.
To predict cosmic meteorological events, we need a model of the Sun’s global magnetic field that is quite accurate.
The solar pole can also explain ancient observations. German astronomer Samuel Heinrich Schwabe discovered in 1843 that the number of sunspots – black spots on the sun’s surface that mark a strong magnetic field – increased and disappeared in a repeating pattern.
Today we know it as an estimate of the 11-year solar cycle, where the sun alternates between the sun’s maximum when sunspots multiply and the sun is active and turbulent, and the sun’s minimum when it is smaller and calmer. this new NASA mission will take first peek at the poles of the sun.
The only spacecraft that previously flew above the poles of the sun was a joint venture between ESA and NASA. The Ulysses spacecraft, launched in 1990, orbited our star three times before it was deactivated in 2009. But Ulysses was never closer than the distance from Earth to the Sun and only wore what are called in-situ instruments – like the sense of touch, they measure the environment of space directly in around the spaceship.
The solar orbiter, on the other hand, will enter Mercury’s orbit with four in-situ instruments and six distant sensing images that see the sun from a distance.
After years of technological development, it will be the closest camera to the sun that has ever reached the sun.
During the seven-year mission period, the sun’s ball reached a slope of 24 degrees above the solar equator, which increased to 33 degrees with the next three years of mission operations. In the next approach, the spacecraft will travel within 26 million miles of the sun.
The Solar Orbiter is equipped with a specially developed calcium phosphate-coated titanium heat shield that can withstand temperatures of more than 900 degrees Fahrenheit – thirteen times the sun’s heat produced by spacecraft in Earth’s orbit.
Five remote sensing instruments face the sun through the cut in this heat shield. someone observing the solar wind.
Solar Orbiter will be NASA’s second major mission in the internal solar system in recent years after Parker’s solar investigation was introduced in August 2018. Parker has completed four strict sunlight and will fly within four million miles of the sun at the closest approach.
Two spacecraft will work together: while Parker checks the close-up of the sun, the Solar Orbiter will take pictures from a distance and contextualize the observations.
The two spacecraft also align from time to time to measure the same magnetic field lines or solar wind currents at different times.
Solar Orbiter is a mission of international cooperation between the European Space Agency and NASA. The European Center for Space Research and Technology (ESTEC) ESA in the Netherlands manages the development effort.
The European Space Operations Center (ESOC) in Germany will operate the Solar Orbiter after launch. Solar Orbiter was built by Airbus Defense and Space and contains 10 tools: nine from ESA and ESA member countries. NASA provides tool kits, SoloHI, and detectors and hardware for three other instruments.