Scientists have solved an important part of the secrets of photosynthesis, Plants have been using solar energy for hundreds of millions of years. Algae and photosynthetic bacteria do the same thing for longer, all with exceptional efficiency and stability.
No wonder scientists have long wanted to know exactly how to do this, hoping to use this knowledge to improve man-made devices such as solar panels and sensors. Recently, scientists have solved an important part of this ancient puzzle by focusing on the first ultra-fast event in which photosynthetic proteins capture light, triggering a series of electron transfer reactions. now the Scientists have solved an important part of the secrets of photosynthesis.
To understand how biology promotes all inherent activity, one must understand electron transfer, researchers say. The movement of electrons is very important: this is how work is done in cells.
In photosynthetic organisms, this process begins with the absorption of light photons from pigments found in proteins. Each photon moves electrons through a membrane located in a special compartment of cells.
Distributing and stabilizing the charge across the membrane is very important because it produces energy that encourages cell growth, the researchers said.
Nearly 35 years ago, when the first structure of this type of complex was discovered, scientists surprisingly discovered that the process of electron transfer faces a dilemma after absorbing light: There are two possible ways for electron transfer.
In nature, plants, algae and photosynthetic bacteria only use one of them, and scientists don’t know why. What they know is that moving electrons through the membrane effectively captures photon energy – it takes several steps.
We have been on this path for more than three decades and this is an extraordinary achievement that opens up many possibilities, Scientists have solved an important part of the secrets of photosynthesis.
Remarkably, we were able to change the direction of the original electron transfer, the researchers said. In nature, electrons choose 100 percent.
However, through our efforts, we managed to get 90 percent electrons in the alternative pathway. This finding raises interesting questions for future research. Because of their efforts, scientists are now closer to developing an electron transfer system that can send electrons along their chosen path.
This is important because we can use energy flow to understand design principles that lead to new applications of abiotic systems, researchers say.
In this way, we can significantly improve the performance of many solar-powered devices and perhaps significantly reduce them.
We have a tremendous opportunity to open up a whole new discipline for mild biochemical reactions that are naturally unpredictable. If we can do it, that’s huge.