Acidic oceans can almost eliminate coral reef habitats by 2100, Increased sea surface temperatures and acidic water can eliminate almost all coral reef habitats that exist in 2100, suggesting that restoration projects in these areas are likely to face serious challenges, because recent research presented in San Diego shows a marine science meeting in 2020.
Scientists estimate that 70 to 90 percent of coral reefs will disappear within the next 20 years due to climate change and pollution.
Some groups are trying to limit this decline by transplanting live corals grown in the laboratory into dying reefs. the acidic oceans can almost eliminate coral reef habitats by 2100.
They offer new young corals that stimulate reef recovery and normalize them again.
However, a new study in which such restoration efforts will be most successful in the coming decades finds that suitable coral habitats will remain near zero to 2100.
Preliminary results indicate that sea surface temperature and acidity are the most important factors in determining whether a site is suitable for restoration.
The results highlight, according to the researchers, some of the adverse effects of Earth’s warming climate on marine life.
Although pollution poses many threats to marine life, new research shows that corals are most at risk from environmental changes related to emissions. .Acidic oceans can almost eliminate coral reef habitats by 2100
Trying to clean the beach is good and trying to fight pollution is fantastic. We must continue this effort, researchers say. However, in the end, we need to fight climate change to protect corals and avoid complex pressures.
Coral reefs around the world face an uncertain future trend because sea temperatures continue to rise. Warmer water pollutes corals and causes them to release symbiotic algae that live in them.
This changes the vibrant coral reef community to white, a process known as lighting. White corals do not die, but they have a higher risk of death and these white events are becoming more common in the face of climate change.
In a new study, Setter and colleagues mapped which ocean areas are suitable for coral restoration in the coming decades.
The researchers simulate ocean conditions such as surface temperature, wave energy, water acidity, pollution, and overfishing in areas where corals exist today.
To be a factor in pollution and overfishing, the researchers looked at population density and land cover use to predict how much waste would be released into the surrounding waters. Acidic oceans can almost eliminate coral reef habitats by 2100.
Researchers have found that most of the oceans where coral reefs currently exist will not be suitable coral habitats by 2045, and the situation worsened when simulations increased by 2100.
Some decent locations until 2100 include only a small portion of Baja California and the Red Sea, which are not ideal places for coral reefs because of their proximity to rivers.
Rising temperatures and ocean acidification are primarily responsible for reducing coral habitat, according to the researchers.
Projections of increased human pollution contribute little to the elimination of coral reef habitat in the future, because humans have damaged coral reefs so much that not many points of impact remain, the researchers said.