The axion could solve one of physics great mysteries, A hypothetical particle, called an axion, can solve one of the great mysteries of physics: the advantages of matter over antimatter or why we are here.
According to the standard model of particle physics, the meeting between matter and antimatter must be destroyed together when our universe is born.
That means there is no earth, no sun, no galaxies, no humans. But we succeeded
The standard model of particle physics explains three main forces in the universe: electromagnetism, low power, and high power. Electromagnetism is the power between all charged particles.
The weak force causes neutrons to rot, and the strong force explains why subatomic particles such as neutrons and protons stick together. The axion could solve one of physics great mysteries.
However, there are some contradictions in the standard model, one of which is the imbalance between matter and antimatter.
The standard model also does not explain the presence of dark matter or the observed neutron properties.
In 1977, to solve the neutron problem, physicists proposed a hypothetical particle called an axion.
Five years later, axion was found to solve the dark matter problem.
The hypothetical particle axis is very light, at least one billion times lighter than a proton, and hardly interacts with normal matter.
This explains why they have not yet been discovered even with tools that we can use to detect protons, neutrons, and electrons.
However, neutrons consist of more elementary particles, called quarks, which have a charge. So physicists expect neutrons to interact with the electric field, said Ko. But they did not do it. The axion could solve one of physics great mysteries.
If axion exists, it will rule out interactions between neutrons and electric fields and solve strong problems with CP.
Anions can also be good candidates for dark matter to explain the galactic rotation speed, another contradiction with the standard model.
If galaxies rotate at the speed they rotate, we can see that the gravity they have based on light material emits light and flies away. There is not enough gravity to hold them together.
Scientists suggest that there must be a large amount of matter – such as large fields of galaxies in action that we cannot see, which explains the galactic rotation speed.
Previously, physicists believed that in the early stages of the universe, soon after the Big Bang, the axial field was initially static and began to vibrate when the universe cooled.
You can think of Axion as a ball in a plastic soda bottle, and the ball swings back and forth around the lowest point of a plastic soda bottle, researchers say. The axion could solve one of physics great mysteries.
Instead, the researchers suggest that the axial field has more interesting dynamics at this early stage.
Imagine a plastic bottle, Before rolling on the bottom of the bottle, Axion rotates in a circle around the body of the bottle.
When matter and antimatter come together instead of destroying them, one in 10 billion pieces of matter still shapes the world we see today.
Because these issues have not been examined simultaneously in this axial framework, there is still much work to be done on this topic.
In particular, this axial framework will be subjected to experimental tests in the near future. Future work could include the study of gravitational waves and the origin of neutrino masses.