This new type of next-generation solar cell material eliminates the use of lead, which is a major obstacle to this technology.
Solar cells, including the mineral perovskite, have been the center of attention since the material was first used in 2009.
Solar cells made from this material are more efficient than current solar modules.
Solar modules currently contribute an average of 15% to 18% of solar energy, while perovskite solar cells have an efficiency of 28%.
However, there are major obstacles to the commercial use of these materials: they are unstable and contain water-soluble lead, which is a health hazard.
Research has developed materials such as sandwiches that contain organic and inorganic ingredients to form hybrid structures that do not use lead and have increased stability.
New organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite materials are cheaper and stronger than traditional inorganic semiconductors. In addition, said Gao, the new material design strategy can serve as a blueprint for many other functional hybrid materials.
Solar cells, as many people point out, can be very effective research.
With our new technology, we can make hybrid perovskite materials much more stable. These new materials, which replace toxic lead, are more environmentally friendly and can also be used safely for bioelectronic sensors in the body.