A beating heart of frozen nitrogen controls Pluto’s winds, New heart frozen nitrogen controls Pluto’s winds and, according to a new study, can cause features on its surface.
The famous Pluto structure, called the Tombaugh Regio, quickly became known after NASA’s New Horizons mission to take a dwarf picture of the planet in 2015, revealing that this is not a barren world that scientists believe.
New research now shows that the famous heart of Pluto nitrogen controls its atmospheric circulation. Revealing Pluto’s atmospheric behavior offers scientists another place to compare with our own planet. A beating heart of frozen nitrogen controls Pluto’s winds.
Such a discovery could determine billions of miles between Earth and the planet’s dwarfs.
Nitrogen gas – an element also found in the earth’s air – contains most of Pluto’s thin atmosphere and small amounts of carbon monoxide and greenhouse gas methane. Frozen nitrogen also covers parts of the heart-shaped Pluto surface. During the day, this thin layer of nitrogen ice heats up and becomes money.
At night the steam condenses and forms ice again. Each sequence is like a pulse pumping nitrogen around a dwarf planet.
New research in the AGU Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets show that this cycle pushes Pluto’s atmosphere in the opposite direction – a unique phenomenon called retro-rotation.
When air strikes near the surface, it transfers heat, hail and cloudy particles to make dark lines and planes in the north and northwest. A beating heart of frozen nitrogen controls Pluto’s winds.
“This underscores the fact that Pluto’s atmosphere and wind, despite very low atmospheric density, can affect the surface.
Most of Pluto’s nitrogen ice is limited to the Tombaugh Region. The “forehead” left is a 1,000 kilometer long ice roof located in a 3 kilometer deep basin called the Sputnik Planitia – an area that because of this contains most of the nitrogen on the Dwarf planet due to its low altitude.
The right forehead of the heart consists of high nitrogen-rich glaciers which extend to the pelvis.
Before the New Horizon, everyone thought that Pluto would be the same, almost no difference. But very different. There are many different scenes and we try to understand what is happening there.
Bertrand and his colleagues are working on how 100,000 times thinner air circulation can form features on the surface. The team obtained data from New Horizons Airport in 2015 to map Pluto’s topography and its nitrogen ice sheet.
They then simulate the nitrogen cycle with weather forecast models and evaluate how the wind blows at the surface.
The group found that Pluto’s winds blew more than 4 kilometers west of the east rotation of the dwarf planet. According to a new study, while nitrogen evaporates in the Tombaugh region in the north and turns to ice in the south, its movement triggers west winds.
Nowhere else in the solar system has such an atmosphere, except maybe the moon Neptune Triton.
The researchers also found a strong flow of fast-moving, almost shallow air along the western boundary of the Sputnik-Planitia basin. Air flow like the pattern of wind on Earth, like Kuroshio on the east bank of Asia. Atmospheric nitrogen condensation in ice pushed this wind model based on new knowledge.
The Sputnik Planitia’s high rocks trap the cold air in the pond where it circulates and become stronger as they flow through the western region.
The existence of intense western boundary currents has led to Candice Hansen-Kocharchek, a planetary researcher at the Institute of Planetary Science in Tucson, Arizona, who did not participate in this new study.
This wind pattern, which originates from the heart of Pluto’s nitrogen, can explain why it is home to dark plains and wind bands to the west of the Sputnik Planitia. The wind can transport heat that heats the surface or erodes and darkens ice by transporting and storing mist particles.
If the dwarf planet’s winds spin in different directions, the landscape can look very different.
This new discovery allows researchers to explore the atmosphere of the exotic world and compare their findings with what they know about the earth.
The new study also illuminates objects 6 billion kilometers from the sun, which is the center of attention of audiences around the world.