Human activity threatens billions of years of evolutionary history

A ZSL study published in Nature Communications (Tuesday 26 May) maps the evolutionary history of the world's terrestrial vertebrates - amphibians, birds, mammals and...

Researchers developed search-and-rescue algorithm identifies hidden “traps” in ocean waters

The ocean is a messy and turbulent space, where winds and weather kick up waves in all directions. When an object or person goes...

Green Snow are found around the Antarctica coastline due to climate...

Scientists have created the first ever large-scale map of microscopic algae as they bloomed across the surface of snow along the Antarctic Peninsula coast....

Towable sensor free-falls to help measure the ocean’s response to climate...

The motion of the ocean is often thought of in horizontal terms, for instance in the powerful currents that sweep around the planet, or...

Sea ice extent in the Southern Ocean may increase with glacial...

Tucked away at the very bottom of the globe surrounding Antarctica, the Southern Ocean has never been easy to study. Its challenging conditions have...

Study examines downstream effects of climate change on alpine butterfly populations

The long-term effects of climate change suggests that the butterfly effect is at work on butterflies in the alpine regions of North America, according...

Air quality has significantly improved due to the COVID-19 lockdowns

Since the lockdowns in response to the COVID-19 pandemic began, the level of two major air pollutants has decreased dramatically, but new research has...

Shedding new light on the ocean’s living carbon pump

Phytoplankton play a crucial role in ocean biology and climate. Understanding the natural processes that influence phytoplankton primary production, and how they are changing...

Rising ocean temperatures threaten seagrass meadows and their ability to retain...

As carbon dioxide emissions continue to increase, scientists have recognized that seagrass meadows are important to mitigation because they have high rates of carbon...

A new platform to monitor methane emissions around the world

Methane is the second most important greenhouse gas and its concentration in the atmosphere is currently increasing at a rate of around 1% per...

Engineers take a step toward small-scale production of ammonia fertilizer

Most of the world’s fertilizer is produced in large manufacturing plants, which require huge amounts of energy to generate the high temperatures and pressures...

The loss of natural enemies could make it difficult to adapt...

What effect does species extinction have on the evolution of the surviving species? Evolutionary biologists from the University of Zurich have investigated this question...

Researchers find highest levels of microplastic ever recorded on the seafloor

An international research project has revealed the highest levels of microplastic ever recorded on the seafloor, with up to 1.9 million pieces in a...

NASA scientists map detailed measurements of 16 Years of Ice Sheet...

Using the most advanced Earth-observing laser instrument NASA has ever flown in space, scientists have made precise, detailed measurements of how the elevation of...

By Recycling wastewater to drinkable again it may reduce the need...

Delivering water to city dwellers can become far more efficient, according to Rice University researchers who say it should involve a healthy level of...

Airborne Particle Levels Plummet in Northern India

On March 25, 2020, the Indian government placed its 1.3 billion citizens under a strict lockdown to reduce the spread of the COVID-19 coronavirus....

Warming climate undoes decades of knowledge of marine protected areas

Climate change and warming seas are transforming tropical coral reefs and undoing decades of knowledge about how to protect these delicate and vital ecosystems. Many...

Maria Zuber on climate change: “Breakthroughs will happen”

Climate change is a very personal issue to Maria Zuber, MIT’s vice president for research. A native of eastern Pennsylvania, she watched her grandfathers,...

Researchers explore ocean microbes’ role in climate effects

A new study shows that “hotspots” of nutrients surrounding phytoplankton — which are tiny marine algae producing approximately half of the oxygen we breathe...

South Asia faces increased double-threat of extreme heat, extreme pollution

Scientists know that extreme heat has a negative impact on the human body — causing distress in the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. They also...

Marine heatwaves and their impact on marine mammals

n recent years, anomalously warm ocean temperatures known as “marine heatwaves” have sparked considerable attention and concern around the world. Marine heatwaves (MHW) occur when...

Children face three times more air pollution during the school run

In a study published by the journal Science of the Total Environment, experts from the University of Surrey’s world-renowned Global Centre for Clean Air...

Continued CO2 Emissions Will Impair Cognition

As the 21st century progresses, rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations will cause urban and indoor levels of the gas to increase, and that...

Road traffic noise causes bat activity to decrease by two thirds,...

A new study has shown that road traffic noise causes bat activity to decrease by about two thirds and suggests that the negative effects...

Air pollution remains low as Europeans stay at home

Further analyses are showing the continued low levels of nitrogen dioxide concentrations across Europe – coinciding with lockdown measures implemented to stop the spread...

Plastic use in pandemic contributing to global waste problem, says Baker...

The global demand for certain plastics has grown during the coronavirus pandemic while recycling efforts have suffered setbacks, according to an environmental expert at...

NASA Data Aids Ozone Hole’s Journey to Recovery

On Sept. 16, 1987, policymakers and scientists from around the world gathered at the International Civil Aviation Organization’s headquarters in Montreal, preparing to take...

MDI Biological Laboratory-led Program Reveals High Arsenic in Well Water

A program to teach data literacy to Maine and New Hampshire students by analyzing data on arsenic in well water collected from their homes...

Satellites providing clear picture of greenhouse gases

With increasing levels of greenhouse gases causing our climate to change, it is important to understand exactly where these gases come from and how...

Conservation in a time of pandemic

Wildlife conservation is a type of work without end. It’s ongoing. It revolves around time — while racing against it. Pausing amid a global...

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