The Four Possible Missions to Study the Secrets of the Solar System, NASA selected four studies from the discovery program to develop conceptual studies for new missions.

Although there are no official missions yet, and some may not be selected in the end, the choice focuses on insurmountable goals and science that are not covered by NASA’s active missions or the latest selection. Final selection will be made next year.

NASA’s Discovery Program invites scientists and engineers to form teams to design exciting planetary science missions that deepen our knowledge and our place in the solar system. These missions offer frequent flight opportunities for targeted research into planetary science. Four Possible Missions to Study the Secrets of the Solar System.

The aim of this program is to answer pressing questions about planetary research and to increase our understanding of the solar system.

This chosen mission has the potential to change our understanding of some of the most active and complex worlds in the solar system, researchers say.

Researching one of these celestial bodies will help solve the mystery of how he and others who like him enter space.

Each of the four nine-month studies will receive $ 3 million for concept development and maturation and will be supplemented by a concept study report. After evaluating the concept study, NASA will develop up to two missions in the field.

The proposal is chosen based on the potential scientific value and feasibility of the development plan after a competitive peer review process.

DAVINCI + will analyze the atmosphere of Venus to find out how Venus formed and developed and to determine whether Venus has an ocean. DAVINCI + plunges into Venus’s hostile atmosphere to adjust its composition to the surface. Four Possible Missions to Study the Secrets of the Solar System.

This instrument is packaged in a comfortable descent ball to protect it from the intense environment of Venus. “+” In DAVINCI + refers to the mission image component, which contains descendant balls and orbit cameras designed to map surface rock types.

The last US-led Venus in-situ mission was in 1978. DAVINCI + results have the potential to change our understanding of the formation of the earth in our solar system and so on.

James Garvin of NASA’s Godard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, is the lead investigator. Godard will take over project management.

IVO will explore Jupiter’s moon, Io to study how the tidal forces form planetary objects. Yo is warmed by Jupiter’s constant gravitational destruction and is the most active volcanic object in the solar system. Little is known about Io’s specific properties, e.g. B. is there an ocean of magma in it. Four Possible Missions to Study the Secrets of the Solar System.

IVO uses close-ups to assess how magma is created and broken on Io.

The results of this mission can revolutionize our understanding of the formation and evolution of rocky objects, the sea of ​​ice in our solar system, and the extrasolar planets in the universe.

Trident will explore Triton, Neptune’s unique and very active ice moon, to understand the path to a habitable world far from the sun. The NASA Voyager 2 mission has shown that Triton has an active reversal – the second youngest surface in the solar system – with the potential for jet and atmospheric explosions. Combined with the ionosphere, which can produce organic snow and the potential of the inland sea, Triton is an interesting exploration target to understand how the habitable world can develop in our solar system and more. Four Possible Missions to Study the Secrets of the Solar System.

VERITAS will map the surface of Venus to determine the geological history of the planet and to understand why Venus developed so differently from Earth. In the orbit of Venus with radar with synthetic openings, VERITAS shows the height of the surface in almost all planets to make a three-dimensional reconstruction of the topography and to confirm whether processes such as plate tectonics and volcanism are still active on Venus.

VERITAS will also map infrared emissions from the surface to map the geology of Venus, which is largely unknown.

The discovery program carries out space research at NASA’s Department of Civil Science’s Directorate of Science Mission, which is based on the priorities of NASA’s institutions and the process of decades of the National Academy of Sciences. NASA’s Discovery Program, which was founded in 1992, has supported the development and implementation of more than 20 missions and tools. This selection is part of the competition for the ninth opening program.