Nuclear physicists are putting forward a new candidate for dark matter, Scientists have identified subatomic particles that can form “dark matter” in the universe during the Big Bang.
Up to 80% of the universe may be dark matter, but even though it has been studied for decades, its physical origin remains a mystery.
Although it cannot be seen directly, scientists know that it exists because of its interactions with gravity and matter that looks like stars and planets. Dark matter consists of particles that do not absorb, reflect, or emit light.
Nuclear physicists are now proposing new candidates for mysterious material, a particle they recently discovered which is known as a D-star hexacquark.
These particles consist of six quarks, the main particles, which are usually combined in trios to form protons and neutrons.
It is important that boson particles emerge from six quarks in the D star. So, if there are many D stars, they can be combined with protons and neutrons in various ways.
The York research team suggests that after the Big Bang, many six-pointed stars can gather together when the universe cools and expands to form the five states of the Bose-Einstein condensate.
The origin of dark matter in the universe is one of the biggest questions of science and one that has so far been left blank.
Our first calculation shows that D-star condensation is a possible new candidate for dark matter.
This new result is very interesting because it does not require new physics concepts. We are making new measurements to make D stars in the nucleus and to determine whether their properties differ in free space.